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Surface Analysis Spotlight: Binding Energy Referencing for Insulating Samples

Educational Series

Charge neutralization is one of the most challenging parts of XPS data acquisition. A recently published guide titled “Charge neutralization and binding energy referencing for insulating samples” (Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A 38, 031204 (2020) describes multiple ways to control surface charge buildup during XPS measurements and includes examples of charge neutralization systems on advanced XPS instruments from all major manufacturers.

Binding Energy Referencing for Insulating Samples

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© 2021 Physical Electronics, Inc. (PHI) All Rights Reserved.
© 2021 Physical Electronics, Inc. (PHI) All Rights Reserved.